Scarlet Pimpernel (Shepherd´s-Weatherglass, Poor-Man´s-Weatherglass)

Wetenschappelijk: Anagallis arvensis

Pimpernel is a composition of guichel (madness or rage) and salvation (healing), because it was thought that pimpernel mental illness and melancholy could heal.
Anagallis comes from the Greek word anagelao (I laugh), also because of the alleged effect of melancholy could be driven by the use of this plant.
Arvensis means "growing on fields".

Nederlands: (rood of gewoon) Guichelheil

Deutsch: Blauer Gauchheil
Français: Mouron bleu

Family: primrose family, Primulaceae
Genus: Anagallis, Lysimachia

Do not give to the birds, very poisonous plant!


Size: 5 - 50 cm.
Lifetime: Yearling. Therofyt (no winter buds).
Flowering months: May, June, July, August, September and October. (V-X)
Roots: Root depth to 20 cm.
Stems: The lying or ascending stems not roots. They are square and bare.
Leaves: Ovate to elongated ovoid, rarely opposite or in whorls of three incumbent leaves without the stem. Black gland dots at the bottom.
Flowers: Red or flesh-colored, sometimes lilac, violet, blue or green colored flowers, androgynous (male and female genitalia, Long-stalked; corolla is as long or longer than the calyx, the edge of the crown lips close scrofulous fringed by more than 30 nodes . the petals 7 mm long and 6 mm wide and cover each other at the edges, a gift or slightly jagged. the sepals have a smooth edge.
Fruit: Fruit box. After flowering curves flower steal it. The seeds are black and long-lived (> 5 years). Two seed-lobe (germinating with two cotyledons).
Biotope: Sunny, rarely slightly shaded place to dry to moist, moderately nutrient-rich to nutrient-rich, often calcareous mineral soil (loamy sand, loam, sandy clay, loess, clay, marl and stony places).
Localities: Fields (especially on the stubble), vineyards, vegetable gardens, coastal dunes (including through dune trails), along railways (railway property), ridges, along footpaths, verges (open or recast places), fallow land, chipped ditch sides, sandbanks, under bushes parks and forests (along moist forest trails).
Spread: All over the world in gbeiden with a temperate or warm climate. Scarlet Pimpernel is originally from the Mediterranean area
General: Native, not threatened
Information: TOXIC



Guihelheil (Anagalis arvensis) and blue guihelheil (Anagallis coerulea) resembles bird wall by approximately the same growth habit, but the flowers are red, respectively blue.
Both species are highly toxic, but are fortunately not as common as chickweed.
The white flowers of chickweed are open all day, while the red flowers of Scarlet pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis) and the blue flowers of blue pimpernel (Anagallis coerulea) but all are open throughout the morning until about 14:00. In rainy and cloudy weather, the flowers will not open itself.

The plant should not be confused with the blue form (Anagallis arvensis subsp. foemina) of red Pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis subsp. arvensis).


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